Gopher Snake Pituophis catenifer
Very few reptiles live in salt marshes because most do not have the ability to rid excess salt from their bodies. Gopher snakes can tolerate the salty soil of the Hayward Shoreline and are also found throughout California and the Western U.S., from forests to deserts. Often seen near human habitations, they can grow up to 6 feet long and are non-venomous. Gopher Snakes closely resemble venomous rattlesnakes and will take on the posture of a rattlesnake when threatened by shaking their tails and making a hissing sound with their mouths.